AKC, CKC, FCI & UK
Affenpinscher Breed Standard Summary:
With the dog exhibitor’s ability to be half way around the world in a matter of hours, the show dog world has become a much smaller place. Breed standards vary depending on under which governing organization the dogs are shown. The difference in the breed standards does not seem to have a critical impact on international exhibits. The Affenpinscher, the endearing monkey-like toy dog,
is a very old breed that has endured world wars and has stayed the course.
Each country that accepts it into its organization has a slightly different view as
to what the little German “Diablotin Moustachu” should be. So, let’s take a world look at the Affenpinscher standard.
The American Kennel Club, headquartered in New York City, is an organization whose rules and regulation govern dog shows. The American Kennel Club is the keeper of the breed stud books and registers individual dogs in each breed that are AKC recognized. Under the AKC umbrella, each individual breed’s parent club owns and controls the breed standard. Any changes to the breed standard can only be done by the parent club and then is presented to the AKC for ratification. To become an AKC champion, fifteen championship points must be awarded by judges based on the number of dogs in a breed/sex that are entered at a show. Within the 15 points, a dog must have 2 three points wins under two different judges.
The Canadian Kennel Club, located in Etobicoke, Ontario, is a non profit club made up of paying members. It is a national service organization focused on promotion and advancement of purebred dogs and regulates CKC approved shows and events. They are a registering body and own the breed standards. To become a conformation champion, you must win 10 points under at least 3 different judges and within the 10 points, the dog must have won at least a 2 point win, either at the breed or group level.
In the United Kingdom, The Kennel Club based in London, England, licenses
the championship shows, register dogs and keeps the stud books. They determine at which shows and in which breeds the CCs ,Championship Certificates, will be given. The Kennel Club owns the breed standards – not the
parent breed clubs. Three CCs must be won for a championship.
The Federation Cynologique Internationale is in Thuin, Belgium and has 4 official languages. It is a World Wide Canine Organization with 86 member countries and contract partners. It is a dog show giving organization. The FCI does not register dogs nor do they keep stud books. The requirements for earning a CACIB - “Certificats d’Aptitude au Championnat International de Beaute” - are being award 4 CACIBs in three different countries under three different judges, no matter the number of dogs entered. Between the first CACIB and the last, 1 year and 1 day must have passed.
Now, let’s take a look at these 4 show giving bodies breed standards as they apply to the Affenpinscher.
The Affenpinscher Breed Standard comparison summary: paraphrasing from 4 breed standards – the AKC, CKC, UK and FCI. The AKC breed standard will be used as a base and any differences by the CKC, UK, or FCI will be noted.
AKC ~ Originating in Germany, the Affenpinscher is a balanced wirey-haired terrier-like toy dog. The overall appearance and attitude is more important than any individual characteristic. The breed was developed to rid the kitchens, granaries and stables of rodents. He is described as having a neat but shaggy appearance.
CKC ~ no deviation from AKC.
UK ~ rough coated, sturdy in build and not delicate in any way.
FCI ~ rough haired small & compact with monkey-like expression.
Size, Proportion, Substance:
AKC ~ sturdy, compact with medium bone, not delicate in any way. HEIGHT - 9 ½
to 11 ½ inches with square appearance. The female may be slightly longer.
CKC ~ sturdy, compact with medium bone. HEIGHT between 9 and 11 ½ inches with square appearance.
UK ~ 9 ½ - 11 inches, weight 6 ½ to 9 pounds, HEIGHT at withers equal to length of body.
FCI ~ strong square and compact, height dogs and bitches 25 to 30 cm ( 9 ½ to 11 ½). WEIGHT for dogs and bitches approximately 4 to 6 kg (8 to 13 pounds).
AKC ~ in proportion to the body. EYES – medium size, round, dark and brilliant, not bulging, eye rims black. EARS – set high, can be natural, standing or semi-erect or dropped. Can be cropped. Monkey like expression must be maintained. SKULL – round and domed. STOP – well defined. MUZZLE- short and narrowing to a blunt nose – length is approximately the same distance as between the eyes. NOSE- black, turned neither up or down. LIPS – black with prominent lower lip. BITE – slightly undershot.
Overshot severely penalized. LOWER JAW – wide enough for lower teeth to be straight.
CKC ~ almost identical as the AKC but adds, teeth and tongue do not show when mouth is closed. Level bite acceptable if the monkey-like expression is maintained.
UK ~ head and skull fairly small in proportion to body, domed forehead, broad brow and stop which is not indented. MUZZLE – blunt and short but not flat enough to cause difficulty breathing. Wide open nostrils. Chin prominent with good up turn. EARS – set high, drop or erect.
FCI ~ complete set of 42 pure white teeth. Missing PM 1, PM 2 or PM 3, or a combination of two of these teeth is tolerated.
Neck, Top Line, Body:
AKC ~ neck short and straight, topline straight and level. CHEST – moderately broad and deep, ribs moderately sprung. CROUP – perceptible curve. TAIL – may be docked or natural, the natural tail is set high and carried curved gently over the back while moving.
CKC ~ slight tuck up in loin.
UK ~ skin of throat tight and unwrinkled, well sprung ribs.
FCI ~ topline slightly sloping from wither to rear. BACK – strong, short. LOIN – taut distance from last rib to hip is short. NECK – straight, strong short with throat skin
tight fitting without folds.
AKC ~ front angulation is moderate, shoulders have moderate layback, length of shoulder blade and the upper arm are equal. ELBOWS – close to body. FRONT LEGS –
–generally removed. FEET – small, round, compact with black nails and pads.
CKC ~ shoulder layback flexible enough to allow free front action. FRONT PASTERNS – short and straight.
UK ~ elbows neither in nor out.
FCI ~ legs parallel, not close together. SHOULDER – well muscled. CARPAL JOINT – firm and strong.
AKC ~ rear angulation is moderate to match front. Hindlegs straight when view from the front. From the side, hindlegs are set under the body to maintain square appearance.
First and second thighs are about equal with moderate bend to the stifle. HOCKS – moderately angulated.
CKC ~ no deviation from AKC.
UK ~ hind legs set well under body without excessive angulation.
FCI ~ standing obliquely with moderate angulation. UPPER THIGH – strongly muscled and broad. Stifle – turning neither in nor out.
AKC ~ dense hair, rough, harsh and about 1 “ long on the shoulders and body. May be shorter on the rear and tail. Head, neck, chest, stomach and legs have longer less harsh coat. The mature Affenpinscher has a mane or cape of strong hair blending into the back coat. The longer hair on the head, eyebrows and beard stands off and frames the face to
emphasize the monkey-like expression. Hair on ears is cut very short.
CKC ~ no deviation from the AKC.
UK ~ needs no trimming, short and dense on some parts of the body and shaggy on others.
FCI ~ coat on head should be hard, straggly, and sticking out as much as possible. Head adorned with brushy, bristly eyebrows and wreath-like hair surrounding the eyes.
AKC ~ black, gray, silver, red, black and tan or belge are acceptable. Blacks may have a rusty cast, reds vary from a brownish red to orangey tan. Belge has black, brown, and/or white hairs mixed with red. A small white spot on chest is not penalized but large white patches are undesirable. Color is not a major consideration.
CKC ~ belge is not listed as a color.
UK ~ black, gray shading permissible.
FCI ~ pure black with black undercoat.
AKC ~ Light, free, sound, balanced, confident. The Affenpinscher carries itself with comic seriousness. From the front or rear while walking, the legs move parallel to each other. Trotting, the feet will converge toward a midline as speed increases. Unsound gait is heavily penalized.
CKC ~ does not list unsound gait as a penalty.
UK ~ A lively strutting movement, lifting feet high when in motion with no hint of hackneyed action or plaiting.
FCI ~ Relaxed, fluent, mincing with moderate drive from the hindquarter. Seen from the front or rear, straight forward and parallel.
AKC ~ The general demeanor is game, alert and inquisitive with great loyalty and affection toward its master and friends. The breed is generally quiet but can become vehemently excited when threatened or attacked and is fearless toward any aggressor.
CKC ~ No deviation from AKC.
UK ~ Loyal and loving companion, watchful of strangers and fearless towards aggressors.
FCI ~ Fearless, alert, persistent and devoted, sometimes full of quick-tempered passion. He is an agreeable family dog in all aspects.
AKC ~ none but an overshot bite severely penalized.
CKC ~ none
UK ~ none, but a fault should be regarded in the exact proportion of deviation from the ideal and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
FCI ~ aggressive or overly shy, malformation of any kind, lack of breed type, severe faults in individual parts, such as faults in structure, coat and colour, faults in mouth such as a scissor bite or wry mouth, over or under size by more that 2 cm (1/2 inch).
The following are considered FCI Faults: clumsy, light, low of leggy build. Light eyes.
Low set, very long or unevenly carried ears. Fly away ears.
The following are considered FCI SERIOUS FAULTS: lack of sexual type, malformation of any kind, lack of breed type, severe faults in individual parts, such as faults in structure, coat and colour, scissor bite or wry mouth.